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Reflections

REFLECTIONS

Hürriyet Daily News - Turkey | 27/05/2015

Abdullah Gül on the ideological battle against jihadists

The fight against the IS terror organisation can only be won by opposing it with Muslim democracy in the Middle East, former Turkish president Abdullah Gül of the Islamic-conservative AKP writes in the paper Hürriyet Daily News: "Keeping alive the goals of the Arab Spring for all the peoples in the region, whilst encouraging relatively stable countries to continue their good governance efforts - as well as paying due diligence to protecting and raising democratic standards - are critically important. ... Against the dark dystopias of organizations such as al-Qaida and the Da'esh, Muslims should present enlightened and workable models of governance based on the true Islamic values - particularly those concerning justice and mercy - and take serious and practical steps to implement them sincerely. I believe that waging a convincing ideological-theological fight against extreme fanatics is a moral duty for the politicians and intellectuals of countries like Egypt, Turkey, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Iran, as well as Morocco and Tunisia - just to name a few." (27/05/2015)

Il Sole 24 Ore - Italy | 20/05/2015

For Adriana Cerretelli Europe is becoming ungovernable

German Chancellor Angela Merkel and French President François Hollande called on Tuesday for an agreement to be reached on the Greek debt crisis by the end of May. Journalist Adriana Cerretelli doesn't believe an agreement will be reached and warns in the liberal business daily Il Sole 24 Ore that the EU's policy of inaction could have fateful results: "With each day it becomes clearer that the political price the individual governments would end up paying for an agreement is so high that it would be better for them not to reach an agreement than to strike a deal that would backfire on them at the national level and in elections. … Until the Lehman bankruptcy, crises and emergency situations acted as driving forces that propelled Europe forwards. Now it seems the opposite is the case, because on top of the traditional socio-economic conflicts of interest, the growing interdependency among member states is leading to political, democratic, cultural and election conflicts of interests. In sum, governing Europe has become so difficult that the temptation to just do nothing is becoming irresistible." (20/05/2015)

Il Sole 24 Ore - Italy | 13/05/2015

Kenneth Rogoff on the West's responsibility for plight of refugees

The refugee tragedies in the Mediterranean must be seen in the context of global inequality, US economist Kenneth Rogoff demands in the liberal business daily Il Sole 24 Ore, accusing the West of failing in its duties: "Europe's migration crisis exposes a fundamental flaw, if not towering hypocrisy, in the ongoing debate about economic inequality. … Many thought leaders in advanced economies advocate an entitlement mentality. But the entitlement stops at the border: though they regard greater redistribution within individual countries as an absolute imperative, people who live in emerging markets or developing countries are left out. … The inequality debate has focused so intensely on domestic inequality that the far larger issue of global inequality has been overshadowed. That is a pity, because there are many ways rich countries can make a difference. They can provide free online medical and education support, more development aid, debt write-downs, market access, and greater contributions to global security. The arrival of desperate boat people on Europe's shores is a symptom of their failure to do so." (13/05/2015)

nrc.next - Netherlands | 11/05/2015

Globalisation destroying Europe's left, writes Caroline de Gruyter

Labour's defeat in the UK elections is further evidence of the crisis of the left in Europe, which is paying the price of globalisation, Europe correspondent Caroline de Gruyter comments in the liberal daily nrc.next: "A left-wing government pursues almost the same economic policy as a right-wing government. This policy is imposed on it by the markets, the IMF, the troika or the executive board of Pimco, one of the world's biggest investment companies. … Economic globalisation has blurred the differences between left and right. They have merged to become the 'establishment'. Election campaigns are mainly about other topics, not economic issues. They're no longer about the just society the left always campaigned for. … Voters hear an establishment message about fiscal discipline, reforms and austerity measures. … This is the reason why a growing number of Europeans either don't vote at all or vote for 'something new' in protest or out of frustration." (11/05/2015)

Világgazdaság - Hungary | 04/05/2015

Harold James on the economic success of authoritarian states

States led by authoritarian regimes are sometimes better off economically than democratic states, historian Harold James comments in the liberal business daily Világgazdaság: "Authoritarian regimes - at least those not committed to pillaging their countries - might be better positioned to implement policies that ensure long-term economic success. … Since the beginning of this century, China's supercharged economic growth once again seemed to highlight the benefits of authoritarianism. The Chinese Communist Party's success in navigating the turbulence of the global economic crisis with barely a shudder has attracted the attention of others who would follow its example. Leaders like Russia's Vladimir Putin, Turkey's Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, Egypt's Abdel Fatah el-Sisi, and Hungary's Viktor Orbán claim that the price of economic stability and growth might sometimes be the suspension of democracy." (04/05/2015)


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