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Revista de prensa | 22/07/2014

 

TEMA DESTACADO

MH17 investigation: Moscow willing to cooperate

 

The UN Security Council, including Russia, condemned the shooting down of flight MH17 in a resolution passed on Monday. Kremlin boss Vladimir Putin pledged "full cooperation" with the investigation into the crash. Commentators nonetheless call for the EU foreign ministers to impose tough sanctions including an arms embargo on Russia at their meeting today, Tuesday.

Helsingin Sanomat - Finlandia

High time for a ban on weapons exports

The EU must be stricter with Russia, the liberal daily Helsingin Sanomat writes: "Every concrete, tough measure leads to an outcry somewhere in Europe. But perhaps it would do more to solve the crisis if Russia's President Vladimir Putin were obliged to find peace in eastern Ukraine through an embargo on sales of weapons . ... Russia is itself a major arms manufacturer, nevertheless it can't get by without weapons purchases. For warships, for example, it depends on French know-how. ... Of course there would be a price to pay for tightening the EU's joint stance. But as the continent's self-declared peaceful power, the Union would also pay a heavy price if it simply looked on as the crisis comes to a head, or if it continued to flog Putin with flowers. If it does manage to implement a ban on weapons sales and exports and to extend its sanctions to the financial sector, that would be a fitting way to make its clout felt." (22/07/2014)

Spiegel Online - Alemania

German firms should leave Russia

Economic sanctions against Russia won't achieve anything unless there's a radical shift in thinking among Germany's business leaders, writes columnist Wolfgang Münchau on news portal Spiegel Online: "First of all the fatal eastward orientation of Germany's business elites needs to be corrected. [Ex-German chancellor and chairman of the board of Nord Stream] Schröder and others should make it clear to the bosses of German companies that contact with Putin and his entourage is officially frowned upon. Russia should be dropped as a destination for German investments. The Ostauschuss der deutschen Wirtschaft [organisation for supporting German companies in their East European activities] should help organise the strategic withdrawal from Russia for German companies." (22/07/2014)

Rzeczpospolita - Polonia

Tough stance needed on Putin's terrorist state

Russia is responsible for the plane crash, the conservative daily Rzeczpospolita believes, and calls on the EU to show its teeth to President Putin: "Russia already behaved like a terrorist state in the case of the Smolensk disaster. The investigations into the crash of the Tupolev 154 were marked by many irregularities, delays and blunders. ... In the present case too, it looks very much as if the Russians bear responsibility for this crime. And they are doing all they can to hide it. ... For that reason we launch an appeal, with the help of the press, to the politicians of the West. Stand firm on this issue. Be resolute, and ready to isolate the Kremlin politically and economically. Do not address Moscow in a tone of reconciliation and understanding. Because these investigations belong in the hands of an international commission." (22/07/2014)

L'Express - Francia

Fanatics make the whole world unsafe

The world is no longer safe when heavy weapons can fall into the hands of fanatics, publicist Jacques Attali writes in his blog for the weekly magazine L'Express in light of the shooting down of the Malaysian Airlines passenger jet: "The missile attack on an airliner flying at high altitude shows that the Somalisation - the anarchy - knows no bounds. After having taken hold of the sea off the Somali coast, it has now reached the sky above Ukraine. It is now to be feared that no airliner is safe anywhere in the world. … Nothing will improve as long as reasonable people go on believing that criminals and fanatics obey the same laws as they do, and as long as they are willing to sell, give or allow them to have terrible weapons of destruction. … If we treat the mafia and terrorist organisations in the same way we treat reasonable people, the whole world will soon become an impossible place to live in." (21/07/2014)

POLÍTICA

Frankfurter Rundschau - Alemania

Israel must finally listen to Hamas

Israel must try to understand Hamas's cause, Gideon Levy, editor of the Israeli newspaper Haaretz writes in an opinion piece for the left-liberal daily Frankfurter Rundschau: "We may even be permitted to put ourselves in [Hamas's] shoes, perhaps even to appreciate the daring and resilience of this, our bitter enemy, under harsh conditions. But Israel prefers to shut its ears to the demands of the other side, even when those demands are right and conform to Israel's own interests in the long run. Israel prefers to strike Hamas without mercy and with no purpose other than revenge. ... Hamas and Islamic Jihad demand freedom for Gaza. Is there a more understandable and just demand? There is no way to end the current cycle of killing, and not have another round in a few months, without accepting this." (22/07/2014)

Avvenire - Italia

Persecution of Christians: Isil shows its true face

The extremist group Islamic State (IS), formerly known as Isil, has given the Christians in Mosul in northern Iraq an ultimatum. By noon on Saturday they must either convert to Islam or leave the city, otherwise they will be killed. The Catholic daily Avvenire urges the international community to call those behind the rise of the militia to account: ""People are acting as if the fanatics of Isil came from another planet and had not been backed, armed and financed by the powerful states of the Arabian Peninsula. With these states they share an ideology - Wahhabism, which also produced al-Qaeda. With Isil, Islamic terrorism is becoming a mass phenomenon. ... Yet the intellectuals of the Muslim world are acting as if they can't see any danger. Meanwhile the West is cautiously avoiding calling to account a country like Saudi Arabia, which is an ally of the West and of strategic importance as an oil supplier." (22/07/2014)

Neue Zürcher Zeitung - Suiza

Nuclear negotiations enter last round

The nuclear negotiations with Iran will be prolonged for four months so as not to jeopardise the significant progress made to date, the five UN veto powers and Germany agreed with Iran in Vienna on the weekend. If all goes well a draft treaty will be agreed in the autumn, the left-liberal daily Neue Zürcher Zeitung predicts: "Whether this text withstands the criticism of the hawks in Washington and Tehran is another issue. But that is a matter of domestic politics, and consequently belongs to another realm. In foreign policy terms the situation would change considerably for both countries if an agreement were reached, because both would lose their favourite adversaries. For the first time since the Islamic revolution in 1979, a sense of normality could prevail in bilateral relations. Nevertheless, Hamas's missile attacks and the Israeli ground offensive make it clear that there is no shortage of other conflicts." (22/07/2014)

Adevărul - Rumania

Future president must not avoid foreign policy

The shooting down of a passenger plane over eastern Ukraine and the escalation in the Middle East conflict barely feature in the debate a few months before the presidential elections in Romania. But in particular the candidate for the Liberals, Klaus Johannis, should state his views on foreign policy, the daily Adevărul demands: "The future president will be moving on complicated and treacherous terrain right from the outset. He must explain the guiding principles of his foreign policy in the election campaign. The strategic partnership with the US, relations with Germany and the position vis-à-vis Russia are essential factors for sending a credible foreign policy signal to Romanian voters. Klaus Johannis has a lot of work to do because he's practically starting from zero. [Other potential candidates like] Cristian Diaconescu, Mihai Răzvan Ungureanu or Cătălin Predoiu have at least positioned themselves on foreign policy. Johannis is pretty much an unknown quantity in this respect and should inform us about his views." (22/07/2014)

ECONOMÍA

Jornal de Negócios - Portugal

Greedy hedge funds squeezing Argentina

Argentina will try again today to reach a court settlement with its creditors and thus avoid insolvency. The creditors, spearheaded by the US hedge fund NMS Capital, refuse to accept a debt cut negotiated in 2001 and are suing the country for the repayment of 15 billion dollars. Something has gone fundamentally wrong here, US economist Nouriel Roubini contends in the liberal daily Jornal de Negócios: "Like individuals, corporations, and other private firms that rely on bankruptcy procedures to reduce an excessive debt burden, countries sometimes need orderly debt restructuring or reduction. But the ongoing legal saga of Argentina's fight with holdout creditors shows that the international system for orderly sovereign-debt restructuring may be broken. ... Holdouts must not be permitted to block orderly restructurings that benefit debtors and creditors." (22/07/2014)

Eleftherotypia - Grecia

Greek citizens need debt relief

The debts owed by Greek citizens to the state grew by 880 million euros in June, to a total of 67 billion euros. Debt relief is the only option in this situation, the left-liberal daily Eleftherotypia comments: "The government and the new finance minister must finally understand. It's not that the citizens don't want to pay. They are trying to keep their heads above water and cover their basic needs in the face of growing unemployment and 1.5 million private sector employees who only receive their reduced salaries nine months late. The government must understand that the problem of tax arrears and overdue pension contributions can only be resolved through debt relief for the financially weak (the long-term unemployed, the sick and the elderly) and citizens with an income below the subsistence level." (21/07/2014)

Hürriyet Daily News - Turquía

Ankara must not abandon firms in Iraq

In the past year Iraq imported goods worth roughly 12 million dollars from Turkey, making it Turkey's second largest export market after Germany. Since the advance of the terrorist organisation Isis, however, many Turkish companies have registered a huge drop in sales. The government must stand behind companies even in times of crisis, the liberal daily Hürriyet Daily News insists: "It's all very well to praise the success of Turkish businesspeople in Iraq in times of peace, but you cannot leave them out in the cold and just say 'good luck, you are on your own' in bad times. ... Turkish companies have come up with a number of measures that will facilitate their survival, but the government has been slow in deciding on those proposals. Some companies risk total bankruptcy. So instead of uttering rhetoric about the 'greatness of Turkey,' it's high time the government started at least acting responsibly." (22/07/2014)

SOCIEDAD

Heti Világgazdaság - Hungría

Budapest occupation monument put up overnight

Despite months of fierce protests, the monument commemorating the occupation of Hungary by Nazi Germany was erected on Budapest's Freedom Square on Saturday night. It depicts a German imperial eagle attacking the archangel Gabriel, representing Hungary. Out of cowardice Viktor Orbán's government had the monument erected in a cloak and dagger operation, philosopher Gáspár Miklós Tamás writes in the left-liberal weekly paper Heti Világgazdaság: "Of course, what happened on the morning of July 20 was directed at the Hungarian Jews. This deceitful monument was erected in the middle of the night in a cowardly, underhanded way, with large-scale police protection and behind high protective fences. ... The sole message the monument sends is that the Hungarians had nothing to do with the whole thing: what happened back then was done by foreigners (the Germans) to other foreigners (the Jews). ... But that's forgetting that in those days the Hungarians acted as lackeys to the Germans." (22/07/2014)

Novinar - Bulgaria

Roma must also stick to the rules

The Bulgarian authorities started tearing down houses illegally built by Roma families in the central Bulgarian city of Stara Zagora on Monday, amid clashes between residents and the police. The daily Novinar has no pity for the now homeless Roma: "In every democratic country there are rights and rules, and they hold for everyone. It simply doesn't work for one part of the population to live according to its own rules while enjoying the same rights as everyone else - if not more. For example the right to live in illegal housing, which other Bulgarians are not allowed to do. ... Or to not pay their bills when everyone else does. ... In a nutshell, to live like in the joke: 'Democracy is when the Bulgarians work and pay, while the Roma live on welfare and get everything for free. And racism is when the Bulgarians don't want to put up with that any more." (21/07/2014)

MEDIOS DE COMUNICACIÓN

The Guardian - Gran Bretaña

Don't post images of dead children on Twitter

Images of dead children in the Gaza Strip are currently being spread through Twitter. But such pictures aren't necessary to make clear the horrors of the Israeli military intervention, columnist Suzanne Moore writes in the left-liberal daily The Guardian, complaining that they create a pseudo-indignation and show a lack of respect: "We are told that to understand war we need to see the slaughter of civilians. The awful reality is that all wars look much the same. We need not just to see but to imagine. Those who cannot imagine the suffering of others are those who continue to justify it. I don't need to see any more images of dead children to want a ceasefire, a political settlement. I don't need you to tweet them to show me you care. A small corpse is not a symbol for public consumption. It is for some parent somewhere the loss of a precious person. To make these images common devalues the currency of shared humanity. We do not respect those living in awful conflict by disrespecting their dead." (21/07/2014)

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