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Revista de prensa | 30/07/2015

 

TEMA DESTACADO

Channel Tunnel refugee drama

 

In the last two nights alone, more than 3,000 people apparently tried to enter the UK via the Channel Tunnel from Calais. Another young man died in the attempt on Tuesday night. The countries of Europe must finally start cooperating on the refugee problem, some commentators urge. Others stress that the problem can only be resolved through a crackdown operation off Libya's coast.

De Morgen - Bélgica

Politicians shutting their eyes in Calais

Politicians in France and the UK are partly to blame for the drama in Calais, writes the centre-left daily De Morgen: "For fear of losing voters to xenophobic parties they have averted their eyes for more than a decade. The current theory about combating human smuggling is of course valid. But human smuggling only flourishes if the state fails to intervene. As is the case in Calais. Now the politicians in Calais are planning to build a fence. … This is Europe in 2015, and London and Paris are opting to treat refugees like dangerous animals in a zoo. … If French President François Hollande doesn't want to undermine the values of freedom, equality and fraternity he should accept the help Europe is offering him. The British money that has been earmarked for the fence could then be invested in a European migration policy that preserves universal human rights." (30/07/2015)

De Telegraaf - Holanda

Set up sea blockade off Libyan coast

The drama in Calais can only be ended through decisive action against human smuggling, the right-wing daily De Telegraaf points out: "For months now we have been waiting for appropriate reaction to the humanitarian drama, and particularly from France. This week 4,000 refugees who aren't controlled or registered have gathered in Calais. The French must look into whether these people really have a right to asylum. At the same time these problems are hurting Europe economically because lorries are stuck on both sides of the Channel. The British want to rapidly erect a two-kilometre fence and the French are sending extra police. But a true solution can only be achieved by fighting the unscrupulous human smugglers. This requires a bold intervention in the form of a sea blockade off the coast of Libya." (30/07/2015)

The Guardian - Gran Bretaña

London must work with Paris

The British government will only be able to stop refugees from coming through the Channel Tunnel by cooperating with its European partners, the centre-left daily The Guardian argues: "Migration pressures from Syria and sub-Saharan Africa are human realities. They have not arisen because of EU treaties or directives. Some asylum seekers would want to get to Britain from France anyway. Equally, any long-term effort to manage or reduce such pressures can only be carried out by the nations working together, however difficult that can sometimes be. ... This is neither a purely British problem nor a purely French one. It is a joint problem. It must be solved jointly - and humanely as well as firmly." (29/07/2015)

El País - España

Tackle asylum policy together

Only by providing genuine and shared solutions can Europe's governments prevent the immigration debate from further bolstering xenophobic forces, warns the centre-left daily El País: "Regardless of the fact that Europe's aging population needs a new influx of people parties that rail against immigration are abusing the debate to criticise the rapid changes in Europe, globalisation and the heavy spending on foreigners. The parties of the democratic centre must take a different approach: jointly tackling immigration and asylum policy, educating the population and sharing the high cost for finding a real solution to this major problem. Under no circumstances should the proponents of Europe allow the affected countries to act alone. … The Cameron government undoubtedly needs French and pan-European support to prevent right-wing populists from gaining even more ground through this issue." (30/07/2015)

POLÍTICA

Delo - Eslovenia

Croatia seeks external foe in border dispute

The Croatian parliament on Wednesday unanimously voted in favour of the country's withdrawal from the arbitration proceedings on the border dispute with Slovenia. Their outrage was triggered by media reports on illicit phone calls between a judge and a member of the Slovenian government. Croatia is again insisting on its position at any cost, complains the centre-left daily Delo: "It seems as if the Croatians have forgotten the word compromise again. It's either the way we want it, or nothing at all! No matter what the cost. ... Croatia has been an EU member for two years - but in the heads of many of its citizens the country is still a long way off from joining. In a situation like this, which is only made worse by poor economic performance and a public which is disappointed by politics and mistrusts all social structures except the Church and the army, it seems only logical to focus on external foes rather than the country's problems. And where is that foe to be found? Ideally, right next door." (30/07/2015)

Večernji List - Croacia

Croatia has had enough of Slovenia's arrogance

Croatia's withdrawal from the arbitration proceedings for resolving its Piran Bay border conflict with Slovenia in the northern Adriatic is partly a result of Slovenia's arrogance, the conservative daily Večernji List explains: "In the same way Greece needlessly ruffled its feathers in the Southern Balkans, Slovenia has shamelessly exploited its geopolitical position. It left Yugoslavia without major problems and the procedure for joining Nato and the EU was a mere formality. Ever since Slovenia has been treating all countries south of the River Kupa like colonies for its products rather than partners. … Slovenia's small-mindedness and immaturity was revealed when Croatia was to be accepted into the EU. Even its EU partners were annoyed by Slovenia's dogged pursuit of its own interests." (30/07/2015)

Gündem Kıbrıs - Chipre

Promising peace talks in Cyprus

The leader of the non-recognised Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, Mustafa Akıncı, last week explained that the creation of a federation was on the agenda of the current talks on the future of the divided island. The Turkish Cypriot daily Gündem Kıbrıs sees this as a positive signal: "For the first time since 2004 we are entering a phase of hope. And this is mostly thanks to the election of President Akıncı. It bodes well that the resumption of negotiations has been accompanied by social activities in which, as well as NGOs, the two leaders are participating. … The level of acceptance of the Annan Plan is absolutely crucial for a solution. The biggest problem to date was the failure to include social dynamics in the peace process." (30/07/2015)

Huffington Post Italia - Italia

Renzi's new start going to rot

Members of Italy's ruling PD party on Wednesday voted that a former senator from an early Berlusconi government charged with embezzlement should not be placed under house arrest. Another Berlusconi confidante announced that the PD would receive more support and a controversial law on political control of public broadcasting has been passed. The Berlusconi mentality is alive and kicking, comments the editor-in-chief of the Huffington Post Italy, Lucia Annunziata: "The day was a triumph for Silvio Berlusconi. … Behind these three episodes lies a single truth: The majority is only staying afloat thanks to Berlusconi and everything he created in the course of all those years, both personally and on the level of values. … The common denominator here is an excess of purely tactical manoeuvring. It's all about survival. These are age old political methods and a sign that the new start is not just on hold but is already going to rot." (30/07/2015)

Infowar - Grecia

Greek crisis: Legal action against Varoufakis scandalous

According to media reports the opposition in Greece wants to see former finance minister Yanis Varoufakis prosecuted over his plans to introduce a parallel payment system in the country. The initiative is a further blow to democracy, the alternative website Infowar comments: "Today Varoufakis needs everyone's support. Because if he is prosecuted it won't just be the prosecution of a former finance minister or economist, it will be the prosecution of a man who dared to rebel against EU dictatorship. … If he is put on trial it would mean that any alternative plan to escape the crisis would be directly or indirectly criminalised. So far those who talked about an exit from the Eurozone have either been sacked (for example journalists) or sidelined (academics and politicians). In future they will also be brought to book by a self-appointed 'judiciary'." (29/07/2015)

Público - Portugal

Greek crisis: Europe must give Tsipras a chance

In the conflict over the reform course Greek Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras raised the prospect of early elections should he fail to achieve a secure majority in parliament. He hopes to settle the disputes within his Syriza party at a party conference in September. Europe should not abandon Tsipras, warns the liberal daily Público: "In addition to economic uncertainty the country now faces political uncertainty, because Tsipras is openly considering new elections - or in other words the last thing the Greeks need now. … Europe should learn from past mistakes and put a halt to its financial fatalism. It should give Tsipras the chance to present Plan C at the party conference. What this might involve? Well, for example debt restructuring to cut the costs of servicing its debts so that a clear future can be sketeched out for Greece." (29/07/2015)

ECONOMÍA

Der Standard - Austria

Fatal call for Euro exit clause

In a special report the Council of Experts of the German government called for EU treaties to include a clause on compulsory eviction from the Eurozone. The centre-left daily Der Standard rejects the suggestion as disastrous and unrealistic: "If this suggestion were implemented it would be the end of the Eurozone. The political climate would be poisoned because states would start threatening each other: 'You don't like measure Y? We can throw you out.' Economically speaking the idea is also a disaster. As soon as the treaty was changed investors would immediately start speculating on the next euro exit: Greece? Portugal? The yields on these countries' bonds would explode. If Germany's best economists are really sitting on this Council of Experts, we should be worrying more about Germany than Greece." (30/07/2015)

Rzeczpospolita - Polonia

Richest Pole was a blessing for his country

Poland's richest man and founding president of the German-Polish Chamber of Industry and Commerce Jan Kulczyk died in Vienna on Tuesday night at the age of 65. The business magazine Forbes estimates his fortune at 3.8 billion euros. The businessman boosted Poland's international image, the conservative daily Rzeczpospolita writes admiringly: "Among Polish businessmen he was the first investor to be globally active. He sought his chances not only in the familiar territory of the Polish market but by primarily investing abroad. For example his company Ophir Energy, which is listed in London, was on the lookout for oil and gas in Africa, Asia and the Philippines. And Kulczyk was also active closer to Poland - in Ukraine. … We have not only lost a man who improved Poland's image on the international markets, but also someone who was deeply committed to voluntary work and who was a great philanthropist." (30/07/2015)

SOCIEDAD

Pravda - Eslovaquia

Rajec erases its Jewish past

In the Slovakian town of Rajec the 150-year-old synagogue has been torn down. The building had belonged to the town for the last 20 years, during which it had fallen into disrepair. At the same time the mayor erected a highly controversial bust to the antisemitic Minister for Home and Foreign Affairs under fascist autonomous Slovakia, Ferdinand Ďurčanský. In the left-wing daily Pravda the chairman of the Jewish community, Igor Rintel, delivers an ironic commentary: "Mayor Ján Rybárik can be publicly congratulated. By tearing down the synagogue before the eyes of 'Ďurčanský the great son of Rajec' he has removed the last bothersome traces of the past. It was downright cynical that Ďurčanský, who once drafted antisemitic laws, had to look out onto the synagogue. It may have been unlawful to tear the building down. But not inconsistent with the morals of those who continue to sympathise with the fascist state. … Rajec is 'free of Jews' at last." (30/07/2015)

Contrepoints - Francia

Authoritarianism becoming the norm in France

France's constitutional court gave the green light last week for a law allowing mass surveillance of phones and Internet connections. The state is taking control of its citizens' private sphere, writes politics student Ferghane Azihari in the liberal online magazine Contrepoints: "By approving the surveillance law the constitutional council has shown that political counterweights are nothing but a fantasy in this country. Pure legend. In the past constitutional norms have never prevented governments from taking more and more control over our lives. … Constitutionalism has become a guarantee that we accept governmental dominance. … The most worrying aspect is that it can all run smoothly because the population clearly won't rebel against this mafia-like intrusion into our private lives. Authoritarianism has become the rule; freedom the exception." (25/07/2015)

DEPORTES

Neue Zürcher Zeitung - Suiza

UEFA boss Platini's excellent track record

Michel Platini is running for the top job at the FIFA world football association in the elections at the end of February 2016. The UEFA boss made this announcement in a letter to the member associations on Wednesday. He is the right man for the job, extols the liberal-conservative Neue Zürcher Zeitung: "When Michel Platini became president of the European UEFA football association in 2007, he behaved like his former mentor and long-term FIFA boss Joseph Blatter. The Frenchman was fishing for votes in Europe, promising everyone more money and good things for the smaller clubs. Eight years later he has an excellent track record and has fulfilled one promise after the next. The clubs are raking in ever more money through the Champions and European League, and the best players of small football countries like Switzerland are enjoying easier access to the premium class. … Like FIFA under Blatter, the UEFA under Platini has become an economic colossus." (30/07/2015)

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