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Przegląd prasy | 28/07/2015

 

TEMAT DNIA

Turkey convenes Nato meeting

 

At the request of Ankara Nato members will meet today, Tuesday, to discuss Turkey's conflicts with the IS and the PKK. The main question will be whether and how the alliance partners can provide support. Commentators warn that Ankara must not be allowed to treat the Kurds and the IS equally as enemies but doubt that the Nato partners will give this much consideration.

La Libre Belgique - Belgia

Ankara's fight against PKK not legitimate

The Americans and Europeans must make it clear to Ankara that the demands of the PKK are in no way comparable with the atrocities committed by the IS, urges the daily newspaper La Libre Belgique: "The fact that Recep Tayyip Erdoğan's regime is combining its operations against the IS with a large-scale offensive against the Kurdish Workers' Party PKK proves that by showing understanding for the IS and even accommodating it, Turkey was hoping to pitch the Islamists and Kurds against each other in a prolonged war. … But you can't compare the PKK's legitimate demands with the terrible crimes and attacks committed by the IS in the Middle East. And the Americans and Europeans must make that clear to Ankara as soon as possible. In the name of the democratic values they profess. But also to avoid losing the support they need from the Kurds in the fight against the Islamist threat." (28/07/2015)

Blog Adevărul - Rumunia

Nato will forget Kurds' efforts

Nato members are convening for an emergency meeting at the request of Turkey this Tuesday. They will discuss the country's recent air strikes against the IS and the Kurds. The Kurds will be the losers in the end, journalist Mircea Barbu writes on the blog of the liberal conservative daily Adevărul: "No one at the meeting will point out that most of the Turkish strikes targeted Kurdish bases in Syria and Iraq. The very bases that prevented IS expansion when no other government in the region wanted to engage in the fight. … The US certainly won't raise the issue; it's happy to see someone else taking the reins in this never-ending conflict. And the Iraqi Kurdish politicians don't want an independent Kurdistan representing joint interests and principles in the region. … In exchange for the deployment of the biggest Nato armies in Syria, the international community will forget the Kurds' efforts and the blatant violations of human rights in Syria and Iraq will be allowed to go unpunished." (27/07/2015)

Newsweek Polska - Polska

Erdoğan wants to stoke anti-Kurdish sentiment

Despite all appearances Ankara hasn't changed its strategy against Islamist terror, the liberal Newsweek Polska magazine argues: "Turkey has always behaved passively towards the IS and al-Qaeda in Syria - almost as if it had an informal non-aggression pact with them. Erdoğan may now be allowing the Americans to use an airport after having turned down Washington's requests to do so up to now. … But has Erdoğan really reached the conclusion that jihad represents a major threat? No. Because Turkey has launched a major offensive against the Kurds at the same time. … Erdoğan has only half joined the US in the fight against the IS to stop the Americans interfering in Turkey's conflict with the Kurds. … We can expect the following scenario: anti-Kurdish resentment in Turkey will start growing again, the [pro-Kurdish] HDP will fail to gain any parliamentary seats in new elections and the AKP will emerge as the definitive winner." (28/07/2015)

Hürriyet - Turcja

HDP must confront PKK

The leader of the Turkish pro-Kurdish HDP party, Selahattin Demirtaş, on Monday accused the Turkish government of having halted the peace process with its military strikes against the PKK. The HDP must now clearly distance itself from PKK violence in order to save this process between Ankara and the Kurds, explains the conservative daily Hürriyet: "The warlords [of the PKK] want to maintain their own totalitarian rule. This makes the resistance by the Kurdish movement's leftist and liberal intelligence important. The HDP parliamentarians who don't support the PKK's course, as well as the Kurdish democrats, are morally obliged to counter the pressure [of the PKK] in the Qandil region. It must be made clear to the Kurds in Qandil and the KCK [the military arm of the PKK] that weapons aren't the solution. To prevent a disaster like that in Syria and put the derailed peace process back on track the HDP must seek cooperation." (28/07/2015)

POLITYKA

Blog Pitsirikos - Grecja

Greek crisis: Varoufakis made scapegoat over Grexit

In Greece an alleged plan by former finance minister Yanis Varoufakis to leave the euro is causing a furore. According to media reports he wanted to set up a parallel payment system. Blogger Pitsirikos is annoyed, saying Varoufakis is being turned into a scapegoat: "We live in a country that went bankrupt five years ago, and Varoufakis is now being held responsible for all the country's problems because that's what the oligarchs and Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras want. This means, in other words, that it's not the Nea Dimokratia and Pasok governments that were in power for years who bear responsibility for the insolvency and the country's current crisis, but Varoufakis because he made plans that were never carried out. … I don't know how stupid you have to be to believe the propaganda of the government and the oligarchs." (27/07/2015)

Corriere della Sera - Włochy

EU economic government makes sense

In view of the Greek crisis French President François Hollande is calling for the creation of an EU economic government. Meanwhile, according to media reports German Finance Minister Wolfgang Schäuble is considering the establishment of a euro finance ministry. Hollande's idea makes more sense, says the liberal-conservative daily Corriere della Sera: "France foresees Germany, the Benelux states and Italy in a pioneering role for its plans, while the German concept only includes those states considered stable. The perspectives opened up by the German concept would present Italy with almost impossible tasks. The French vision is more attractive, while a key point of contact between the two proposals could be the establishment of an independent Eurozone budget. … Also, the French idea of a parliament for the Eurozone would accommodate our democratic convictions. It should be created regardless of whether a Eurozone finance minister is appointed." (28/07/2015)

Journal 21 - Szwajcaria

Paris only gives in to violent protests

The farmers' protests in France have spread. Since Sunday farmers have been blocking the border with Germany and preventing lorries carrying agricultural products from entering the country. In the eyes of the Swiss online magazine Journal 21 only violent protests ever achieve their goal in France: "Livid taxi drivers wanted to get rid of unwelcome competitors. ... So the government banned the cheaper competition. Cigarette sellers put plastic bags over speed cameras to protest plans to introduce unbranded cigarette packaging [France plans to introduce in 2016]. That was, like the doctors' strike, a non-violent protest. So the government didn't react. But when rough-looking protesters in Brittany simply dismounted or destroyed expensive equipment set up for a new levy on truck traffic they weren't keen on, the new legislation for the levy was promptly scrapped. … A screwed up, outdated corporatism combined with clientelism and regionalism is repeatedly and vociferously opposing the Jacobinical central state and its political caste and correcting or paralysing its policies." (27/07/2015)

Hämeen Sanomat - Finlandia

Finns Party must distance itself from racists

A Facebook comment by MP Olli Immonen of the right-wing Finns Party has provoked harsh criticism. Last Friday he outlined his vision of a "strong, courageous nation" that would triumph over the "nightmare of multiculturalism". Party leadership must quash xenophobic commentaries from within the ranks more consistently in future, the liberal daily Hämeen Sanomat demands: "For the Finns Party, MPs like Immonen are a particular problem. It has to somehow get along with such members because many of the party's supporters oppose immigration. If representatives of extremist positions were excluded from the party it would lose a considerable number of voters, and it can't afford that. … However as a governing party the Finns Party must deal more resolutely with such cases than it has done so far." (28/07/2015)

REFLEKSJE

Handelsblatt - Niemcy

Greek crisis: Germans would be suddenly richer after euro exit, explains Ashoka Mody

US economist Ashoka Mody calls for Germany to leave the Eurozone in a guest contribution to the liberal business daily Handelsblatt: "If Germany were to leave the Eurozone the value of the euro would fall. Countries in Europe's periphery that are struggling to survive would get a boost in competitiveness. … If however Greece were to go - followed by Portugal and Italy in the coming years - each new currency the countries introduced would fall dramatically in value. Loans in euros would become unpayable, debts would soar. And although these countries with their weaker currencies would eventually become more competitive, it would only be prolonging the agony. By contrast the negative effects of a German exit would be easier to contain. The deutschmark would be worth more than the euro. The mark could then buy more goods and services than is the case with the euro today. Germans would become richer all of a sudden. Germany's assets would of course lose value abroad due to the more expensive mark, but German debt would be easier to pay off." (20/07/2015)

Diário Económico - Portugalia

Greek crisis: Germany's euro exit would save EU, writes Pedro Braz Teixeira

Instead of discussing the Grexit, Europe should start thinking about the euro exit of another country, and how to start dismantling the common currency, advises economist Pedro Braz Teixeira in the liberal business daily Diário Económico: "Now that Greece's exist from the euro has become part of the official discourse, it makes sense to mention an alternative which for years has been seen as the best way to start dismantling the euro: Germany's exit. … This could be regarded as a political initiative that admits that the euro was a well-intentioned project but that, in view of its weak results, would be better off being scrapped. While a Grexit would be viewed as a failure of the EU project, a German exit could mean an end to the most serious source of problems within the EU since its foundation: the common currency. This would mean the real aim of the EU could be reinstated: namely peace." (27/07/2015)

GOSPODARKA

Hospodářské noviny - Czechy

Greek crisis: Fiscal union desirable but unrealistic

With the Greek crisis the calls for a fiscal union are growing louder. The liberal business paper Hospodářské noviny finds this a logical step but is uncertain about its feasibility: "A common currency zone cannot function effectively without stronger integration. The reason this pressure is being exerted on this issue now is because of Greece, the country that made it into the Eurozone through fraud and enhanced statistics. Its administration has not functioned properly for ages. None of the regulations that have been adopted under pressure will have the expected success either because they are nothing but the pointless raising of taxes in a country that for decades has been incapable of collecting taxes and where the shadow economy is almost as large as the legal one. In view of Greece's problems it is questionable whether a budget and a European ministry can be the solution. The idea that a European finance minister (from Germany or Finland, say) can legitimately exercise power in Greece is purely theoretical." (28/07/2015)

El Mundo - Hiszpania

Wobbling giant China threatens global economy

The Chinese share index SSE Shanghai Composite fell by 8.5 percent on Monday in the steepest one-day drop in eight years. If Europe is faltering simply because of Greece, a slump in China could have really dramatic consequences, fears the conservative daily El Mundo: "China is also a major investor in the bonds and property market in Spain, where it has been increasingly involved since the crisis. If China stopped buying and started selling instead, the capital markets could collapse. … And if instability in Greece, which makes up just 2 percent of the European GDP, can make the EU tremble, it's better not to even think about what a slump in China might unleash, potentially taking the US and Europe down with it. At the moment the giant is still advancing, even if its motor is making some worrying noises. Spellbound, the world watches on." (28/07/2015)

Äripäev - Estonia

Estonia fighting tax evasion at last

In Estonia a proposed reform that would allow tax inspectors to inspect businesses unannounced is currently under discussion. The business paper Äripäev defends the reform: "The tax office has to collect taxes and to do so in line with established law. If the existing laws are not working, then we have to start thinking about changing them. This is exactly what the ministry of finance has just done and actually this is sensible. Last year's new regulations regarding deducting VAT on company cars were also a sensible step. … The reason people are getting annoyed about the regulations on company cars as well as the current proposal is because it means there will be fewer possibilities in the future for exploiting legal grey areas." (28/07/2015)

SPOŁECZEŃSTWO

Frankfurter Rundschau - Niemcy

German immigration law would benefit Balkans

The Federal Office for Migration and Refugees in Germany is calling for more Balkan countries to be declared safe countries of origin - in the hope that this might stem emigration from the region. The centre-left Frankfurter Rundschau doubts that this would work: "Emigrants from the Balkans are applying for asylum in order to get legal resident status. This is not fraud, but in principle an impulse that should be welcomed: they want to be in an orderly situation. … The catchy line that it's better to strengthen the economies in the countries of origin than allow emigration turns the situation on its head. Emigration is an important outlet for the impoverished Balkan states. … Money transfers from relatives abroad are the main source of income in Kosovo and Albania. If these money transfers are cut off, the countries will collapse entirely. An immigration law like the one the SPD is calling for would be an important step." (28/07/2015)

Expressen - Szwecja

Sweden's police need help fighting violence

After the ninth hand-grenade explosion in Malmö this month Sweden's Interior Minister Anders Ygeman has promised to bring in the national emergency services to address the problem. This simply is not enough, warns the liberal tabloid Expressen: "Burning cars are already part of normal life [in cities like Malmö and Göteborg]. This is terrible. But it's even worse when armed criminals and hand-grenade attacks also become part of everyday life. In these areas with high crime rates the police need more than temporary reinforcement. They need well trained personnel on a permanent basis. Ygemon has stressed quite rightly that Sweden has never had such a large police force as it has today. But the police need to be able to concentrate on what's important. Instead of wearing down the police with expanding bureaucracy, stopping the escalation of violence must be given top priority." (28/07/2015)

Inne